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MCQ in Electronic Systems and Design Part 6 | ECE Board Exam

MCQ in Electronic Systems and Design Part 6 | ECE Board Exam

This is the Multiple Choice Questions in Electronic Systems and Design Part 6 of the Series as one of the Electronics Engineering Examination topic. In Preparation for the ECE Board Exam make sure to expose yourself and familiarize in each and every questions compiled here taken from various sources including but not limited to past Board Exam Questions in Electronics Engineering field, Electronics Books, Journals and other Electronics References.

MCQ Topic Outline included in ECE Board Exam Syllabi

6. Electronic Systems and Design

  • MCQ in SCR’s, UJT, PUT, TRIAC, DIAC, and other Thyristors
  • MCQ in Optoelectronic Devices and Sensors
  • MCQ in Transducers, Data Acquisition, and Interfacing Techniques
  • MCQ in Programmable Logic Controllers
  • MCQ in Design and Integration in Building Management Systems and HVAC Controls,
    Security, Safety, and Surveillance Control Systems, and Audio-Video and Lighting
    Controls
  • MCQ in Instrumentation and Control
  • MCQ in Welding Systems
  • MCQ in Robotic Principles
  • MCQ in Bioelectrical Principles

Continue Practice Exam Test Questions Part 6 of the Series

Choose the letter of the best answer in each questions.

251. The SCR is turned-off when the anode current falls below

A. forward current rating

B. breakover voltage

C. holding current

D. latching current

View Answer:

Answer: Option C

Solution:

252. When an SCR is combined to a switch, it is considered as a ________ switch.

A. bidirectional

B. mechanical

C. unidirectional

D. omnidirectional

View Answer:

Answer: Option C

Solution:

253. The p-type emitter of a UJT is ________ doped

A. lightly

B. moderately

C. heavily

D. not

View Answer:

Answer: Option C

Solution:

254. An SCR is a ___________ triggered device.

A. current

B. power

C. voltage

D. noise

View Answer:

Answer: Option A

Solution:

255. Anode current in a thyristor is made up of:

A. Electrons only

B. Electrons or holes

C. Electrons and holes

D. Holes only

View Answer:

Answer: Option C

Solution:

256. Once a DIAC is conducting, the only way to turn it off is with:

A. a positive gate voltage

B. a negative gate voltage

C. low-current dropout

D. breakover

View Answer:

Answer: Option C

Solution:

257. The V-I characteristics for a triac in the first and third quadrants are essentially identical to those of ________ in the quotation.

A. SCR

B. UJT

C. Transistor

D. SCS

View Answer:

Answer: Option A

Solution:

258. To turn off the SCR, which of the following is done?

A. Reduce gate voltage to zero

B. Reverse bias the gate

C. Reduce anode voltage to zero

D. Reduce cathode voltage to zero

View Answer:

Answer: Option C

Solution:

259. Your boss has asked you to recommend a thyristor that will enable you to turn it on with a pulse and also turn it off with a pulse. Which of the following should you recommend?

A. an SCR

B. an SCS

C. a PUT

D. a triac

View Answer:

Answer: Option B

Solution:

260. The current from that semiconductor device when it is reversed biased.

A. maximum forward current

B. maximum forward gate current

C. holding current

D. leakage current

View Answer:

Answer: Option D

Solution:

261. What is the range of the turn-on times in high-power SCR devices?

A. 30 µs to 100 µs

B. 10 µs to 25 µs

C. 5 µs to 8 µs

D. 1 µs to 5 µs

View Answer:

Answer: Option A

Solution:

262. You need to design a relaxation oscillator circuit. The most likely device to use might be

A. an SCR.

B. a UJT.

C. a triac.

D. a 4-layer diode.

View Answer:

Answer: Option B

Solution:

263. The ___________ can be externally programmed to turn on at a desired anode-to-gate voltage level.

A. UJT

B. PUT

C. SCR

D. SCS

View Answer:

Answer: Option B

Solution:

264. It is the minimum current which must pass through a circuit in order for it to remain in the ‘ON’ state.

A. leakage current

B. ac current

C. holding current

D. switching current

View Answer:

Answer: Option C

Solution:

265. What is that value of current below which the SCR switches from the conduction state to the forward blocking region under stated conditions?

A. Holding current

B. Forward current

C. Reverse current

D. Trigger current

View Answer:

Answer: Option A

Solution:

266. A diac is turned on by

A. breakover voltage

B. gate current

C. gate voltage

D. anode current

View Answer:

Answer: Option A

Solution:

267. You have a light-dimmer circuit using an SCR. In testing the circuit, you find that IG = 0 mA and the light is still on. You conclude that the trouble might be one of the following:

A. the SCR is open.

B. the switch is faulty.

C. the gate circuit is shorted.

D. this is normal; nothing is wrong.

View Answer:

Answer: Option D

Solution:

268. Which equation defines the intrinsic standoff ratio (η) of UJTs?

A. RB1 / (RB1 + RB2)

B. (RB1 + RB2) / RB1

C. (RB1 + RB2) / RB2

D. RB1 + RB2

View Answer:

Answer: Option A

Solution:

269. The voltage across an SCR when it is turned on is about

A. 0.5 V

B. 0.1 V

C. 1 V

D. 5 V

View Answer:

Answer: Option C

Solution:

270. The typical turn-off time of an SCR is about

A. 20 to 40 μs

B. 5 to 40 μs

C. 1 to 5 μs

D. 15 to 25 μs

View Answer:

Answer: Option B

Solution:

271. Which of the following devices has the smallest turn-off time?

A. SCR

B. GTO

C. SCS

D. LASCR

View Answer:

Answer: Option B

Solution:

272. A triac is equivalent to two SCRs

A. in parallel

B. in inverse-parallel

C. in series

D. in inverse-series

View Answer:

Answer: Option B

Solution:

273. It is the phase angle relative to the power line at which point the gate is fired to commit the anode to conduct to the cathode

A. right angle

B. reverse angle

C. conduction angle

D. firing angle

View Answer:

Answer: Option C

Solution:

274. It is the total resistance of the silicon bar from one end to another with emitter terminal open.

A. gate resistance

B. base resistance

C. emitter resistance

D. interbase resistance

View Answer:

Answer: Option D

Solution:

275. Holding current of a thyristor is:

A. Less than latching current

B. More than latching current

C. Equal to latching current

D. Zero

View Answer:

Answer: Option B

Solution:

276. An SCR is a solid state equivalent of which tube?

A. Triode

B. Gas-filled triode

C. Pentode

D. Tetrode

View Answer:

Answer: Option B

Solution:

277. What is the typical turn-on time of an SCR?

A. 1 μs

B. 5 μs

C. 10 μs

D. 3 μs

View Answer:

Answer: Option A

Solution:

278. An SCR is a solid state equivalent of which tube?

A. Triode

B. Gas-filled triode

C. Pentode

D. Tetrode

View Answer:

Answer: Option B

Solution:

279. It is a special type of thyristor, which is a high-power semiconductor device but are fully controllable switches which can be turned on and off by their third lead.

A. PUT

B. MCT

C. SCS

D. GTO

View Answer:

Answer: Option D

Solution:

280. When the temperature increases, the inter-base resistance of a UJT

A. Remains unchanged

B. Increases

C. Decreases

D. is zero

View Answer:

Answer: Option B

Solution:

281. When checking a good SCR or TRIAC with an ohmmeter it will:

A. show high resistance in both directions

B. show low resistance with positive on anode and negative on cathode, and high resistance when reversed

C. show high resistance with negative on anode and positive on cathode, and low resistance when reversed

D. show low resistance in both directions

View Answer:

Answer: Option A

Solution:

282. The UJT may be used as

A. an amplifier

B. a rectifier

C. a sawtooth generator

D. a multivibrator

View Answer:

Answer: Option C

Solution:

283. A resistor connected across the gate and cathode of an SCR in a circuit increases its

A. dv/dt rating

B. Holding current

C. Noise Immunity

D. Turn-off time

View Answer:

Answer: Option C

Solution:

284. AC power in a load can be controlled by connecting

A. two SCRs in series

B. two SCRs in parallel

C. two SCRs in parallel opposition

D. two SCRs in series opposition

View Answer:

Answer: Option C

Solution:

285. An SCR combines the feature of

A. a rectifier and resistance

B. a rectifier and capacitor

C. a rectifier and transistor

D. a rectifier and inductor

View Answer:

Answer: Option A

Solution:

286. It is voltage-controlled fully controllable thyristor similar in operation with GTO but it has a voltage controlled insulated gate.

A. PUT

B. MCT

C. UJT

D. MGT

View Answer:

Answer: Option B

Solution:

287. The three terminals of a triac are

A. drain, source, gate

B. two main terminals and a gate terminal

C. cathode, anode and gate

D. anode, source, gate

View Answer:

Answer: Option B

Solution:

288. A triac can pass a portion of __________ half cycle through the load

A. only positive

B. only negative

C. both positive and negative

D. neither positive nor negative

View Answer:

Answer: Option C

Solution:

289. When the SCR is OFF, the current in the circuit is

A. exactly zero

B. large leakage current

C. small leakage current

D. thermal current

View Answer:

Answer: Option C

Solution:

290. What is a three terminal device used to control large current to a load?

A. SCR

B. SCS

C. GTO

D. Thyristor

View Answer:

Answer: Option A

Solution:

291. What Greek word which means “switch”?

A. Ristor

B. Trans

C. Thy

D. Thyristor

View Answer:

Answer: Option C

Solution:

292. The ____________ can conduct current in either direction and is turned on when a breakover voltage is exceeded.

A. SCR

B. Diac

C. SCS

D. Triac

View Answer:

Answer: Option B

Solution:

293. A resistor connected across the gate and cathode of an SCR increases its:

A. Turn off time

B. Holding current

C. Noise immunity

D. dv/dt rating

View Answer:

Answer: Option B

Solution:

294. Like an SCR, it is also a four layer device but with a gate connected to the N-region adjacent to the anode.

A. TRIAC

B. PUT

C. DIAC

D. SCS

View Answer:

Answer: Option B

Solution:

295. An SCR is made of silicon and not germanium because silicon.

A. is inexpensive

B. has low leakage current

C. is mechanically strong

D. is tetravalent

View Answer:

Answer: Option B

Solution:

296. The triac is fundamentally a/an ____________ with a gate terminal for controlling the turn-on conditions of the bilateral device in either direction.

A. SCR

B. Quadric

C. Shockley Diode

D. Diac

View Answer:

Answer: Option D

Solution:

297. An opto-isolator contains ___________.

A. an infrared LED

B. a photodetector

C. both an infrared LED and a photodetector

D. None of the above

View Answer:

Answer: Option C

Solution:

298. Which of the following devices is unquestionably of the greatest interest today?

A. SCR

B. GTO

D. LASCR

D. SCS

View Answer:

Answer: Option A

Solution:

299. In a UJT maximum value of charging resistance is associated with:

A. Peak point

B. Valley point

C. Any point between peak and valley point

D. After the valley point

View Answer:

Answer: Option A

Solution:

300. When the firing angle of SCR is increased, its output

A. decreases

B. increases

C. remains unchanged

D. doubles

View Answer:

Answer: Option A

Solution:

Questions and Answers in Electronic Systems and Design

Following is the list of multiple choice questions in this brand new series:

MCQ in Electronic Systems and Design
PART 1: MCQ from Number 1 – 50                         Answer key: PART 1
PART 2: MCQ from Number 51 – 100                    Answer key: PART 2
PART 3: MCQ from Number 101 – 150                  Answer key: PART 3
PART 4: MCQ from Number 151 – 200                  Answer key: PART 4
PART 5: MCQ from Number 201 – 250                  Answer key: PART 5
PART 6: MCQs from Number 251 – 300                Answer key: PART 6
PART 7: MCQ from Number 301 – 350                  Answer key: included
PART 8: MCQ from Number 351 – 400                  Answer key: included
PART 9: MCQ from Number 401 – 450                  Answer key: included
PART 10: MCQ from Number 451 – 500                Answer key: included

Complete List of MCQ in Electronics Engineering per topic

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