This is the Multiple Choice Questions in Chapter 4: Angle Modulation from the book Electronic Communication Systems by Roy Blake. If you are looking for a reviewer in Communications Engineering this will definitely help. I can assure you that this will be a great help in reviewing the book in preparation for your Board Exam. Make sure to familiarize each and every questions to increase the chance of passing the ECE Board Exam.

**See also: MCQ in Electronic Communication Systems by George Kennedy**

#### Start Practice Exam Test Questions

**Choose the letter of the best answer in each questions.**

**MULTIPLE CHOICE**

1. The FM modulation index:

a. increases with both deviation and modulation frequency

b. increases with deviation and decreases with modulation frequency

c. decreases with deviation and increases with modulation frequency

d. is equal to twice the deviation

Answer: **Option B**

Solution:

2. One way to derive FM from PM is:

a. integrate the modulating signal before applying to the PM oscillator

b. integrate the signal out of the PM oscillator

c. differentiate the modulating signal before applying to the PM oscillator

d. differentiate the signal out of the PM oscillator

Answer: **Option A**

Solution:

3. The bandwidth of an FM signal is considered to be limited because:

a. there can only be a finite number of sidebands

b. it is equal to the frequency deviation

c. it is band-limited at the receiver

d. the power in the outer sidebands is negligible

Answer: **Option D**

Solution:

4. Mathematically, the calculation of FM bandwidth requires the use of:

a. ordinary trigonometry and algebra

b. Bessel functions

c. Taylor series

d. fractals

Answer: **Option B**

Solution:

5. FM bandwidth can be approximated by:

a. Armstrong’s Rule

b. Bessel’s Rule

c. Carson’s Rule

d. none of the above

Answer: **Option C**

Solution:

6. NBFM stands for:

a. National Broadcast FM

b. Non-Broadcast FM

c. Near Band FM

d. Narrowband FM

Answer: **Option D**

Solution:

7. When FM reception deteriorates abruptly due to noise, it is called:

a. the capture effect

b. the threshold effect

c. the noise effect

d. the limit effect

Answer: **Option B**

Solution:

8. An FM receiver switching suddenly between two stations on nearby frequencies is called:

a. the capture effect

b. the threshold effect

c. the “two-station” effect

d. none of the above

Answer: **Option A**

Solution:

9. Pre-emphasis is used to:

a. increase the signal to noise ratio for higher audio frequencies

b. increase the signal to noise ratio for lower audio frequencies

c. increase the signal to noise ratio for all audio frequencies

d. allow stereo audio to be carried by FM stations

Answer: **Option A**

Solution:

10. A pre-emphasis of 75 µs refers to:

a. the time it takes for the circuit to work

b. the “dead time” before de-emphasis occurs

c. the time delay between the L and R channels

d. the time-constant of the filter circuits used

Answer: **Option D**

Solution:

11. FM stereo:

a. uses DSBSC AM modulation

b. is implemented using an SCA signal

c. has a higher S/N than mono FM

d. is not compatible with mono FM

Answer: **Option A**

Solution:

12. An SCA signal:

a. can use amplitude modulation

b. can use FM modulation

c. is monaural

d. all of the above

Answer: **Option D**

Solution:

13. The modulation index of an FM signal can be determined readily:

a. using measurements at points where J0 equals one

b. using measurements at points where J0 equals zero

c. using measurements at points where the deviation equals zero

d. only by using Bessel functions

Answer: **Option B**

Solution:

**COMPLETION**

1. FM and PM are two forms of ____________________ modulation.

Answer: **angle**

Solution:

2. PM is extensively used in ____________________ communication.

Answer: **data**

Solution:

3. Compared to AM, the signal-to-noise ratio of FM is usually ____________________.

Answer: **better**

Solution:

4. Compared to AM, the bandwidth of FM is usually ____________________.

Answer: **wider / greater**

Solution:

5. FM transmitters can use Class ____________________ amplifiers since amplitude linearity is not important.

Answer: **C**

Solution:

6. Both the power and amplitude of an FM signal ____________________ as modulation is applied.

Answer: **stay constant**

Solution:

7. In FM, the frequency deviation is proportional to the instantaneous ____________________ of the modulating signal.

Answer: **amplitude**

Solution:

8. The frequency deviation of an FM signal occurs at a rate equal to the ____________________ of the modulating signal.

Answer: **frequency**

Solution:

9. Mathematically, the number of sidebands in an FM signal is ____________________.

Answer: **infinite**

Solution:

10. As FM sidebands get farther from the center frequency, their power ____________________.

Answer: **decreases**

Solution:

11. Mathematically, the value of an FM modulation index can be as high as ____________________.

Answer: **any number**

Solution:

12. In FM, as the modulating frequency decreases, the modulation index ____________________.

Answer: **increases**

Solution:

13. In FM, as the frequency deviation decreases, the modulation index ____________________.

Answer: **decreases**

Solution:

14. As the FM modulation index increases, the number of significant sidebands ____________________.

Answer: **increases**

Solution:

15. For certain values of mf, such as 2.4, the amplitude of the carrier frequency ____________________.

Answer: **disappears / goes to zero**

Solution:

16. The bandwidth of an FM signal can be approximated using ____________________ rule.

Answer: **Carson’s**

Solution:

17. FM bandwidth can be calculated precisely using ____________________ functions.

Answer: **Bessel**

Solution:

18. The ____________________ effect is characteristic of FM reception in a noisy environment.

Answer: **threshold**

Solution:

19. The ____________________ effect is seen when an FM receiver is exposed to two FM signals that are close to each other in frequency.

Answer: **capture**

Solution:

20. Rest frequency is another name for an FM ____________________ frequency.

Answer: **carrier**

Solution:

**SHORT ANSWER**

1. If a 2-volt instantaneous value of modulating signal amplitude causes a 10-kHz deviation in carrier frequency, what is the deviation sensitivity of the modulator?

Answer: **5 kHz / volt**

Solution:

2. If a 2-kHz audio tone causes a frequency deviation of 4 kHz, what is the modulation index?

Answer: **2**

Solution:

3. What will be the deviation caused by a 3-kHz tone if the modulation index is 3?

Answer: **9 kHz**

Solution:

4. If the deviation sensitivity of an FM modulator is 2 kHz /V, what will be the modulation index caused by a 1-volt, 1-kHz audio signal?

Answer: **2**

Solution:

5. At a modulation index of 2, how much power is in the carrier of a 1000-watt FM transmitter?

Answer: **48.4 watts**

Solution:

6. At a modulation index of 2, how much power is in the first pair of sidebands of a 1000-watt FM transmitter?

Answer: **673 watts**

Solution:

7. At a modulation index of 2, how much power is in the fifth pair of sidebands of a 1000-watt FM transmitter?

Answer: **200 mW (0.2 watt)**

Solution:

8. Using Carson’s rule, what is the approximate bandwidth of an FM signal with a modulation index of 2 being modulated by a 5-kHz signal?

Answer: **30 kHz**

Solution:

9. Using the Bessel chart of Figure 4.1, what is the bandwidth of an FM signal with a modulation index of 2 being modulated by a 5-kHz signal if we ignore sidebands containing less than 1% of the total power?

Answer: **30 kHz**

Solution:

10. How would you use the fact that J0 is zero for certain known values of mf (2.4, 5.5, etc) to measure the frequency deviation of an FM modulator?

Answer: **Use an audio frequency generator to modulate the FM carrier. Using a spectrum analyzer, adjust the audio frequency until the carrier amplitude vanishes. Record the audio frequency. Then do the calculation: δ = fm x mf where mf will have one of the known values. For example, if fm is measured to be 2 kHz when mf is 5.5, then δ is 11 kHz.**

Solution:

### Complete List of MCQ in Electronic Communication Systems by Blake