# Blake: MCQ in Introduction to Communication Systems

(Last Updated On: January 3, 2020) This is the Multiple Choice Questions in Chapter 1: Introduction to Communication Systems from the book Electronic Communication Systems by Roy Blake . If you are looking for a reviewer in Communications Engineering this will definitely help. I can assure you that this will be a great help in reviewing the book in preparation for your Board Exam. Make sure to familiarize each and every questions to increase the chance of passing the ECE Board Exam.

#### Start Practice Exam Test Questions

Choose the letter of the best answer in each questions.

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. The theory of radio waves was originated by:

a. Marconi

b. Bell

c. Maxwell

d. Hertz

Solution:

2. The person who sent the first radio signal across the Atlantic ocean was:

a. Marconi

b. Bell

c. Maxwell

d. Hertz

Solution:

3. The transmission of radio waves was first done by:

a. Marconi

b. Bell

c. Maxwell

d. Hertz

Solution:

4. A complete communication system must include:

b. a transmitter, a receiver, and a channel

c. a transmitter, a receiver, and a spectrum analyzer

d. a multiplexer, a demultiplexer, and a channel

Solution:

5. Radians per second is equal to:

a. 2π x f

b. f x 2π

c. the phase angle

d. none of the above

Solution:

6. The bandwidth required for a modulated carrier depends on:

a. the carrier frequency

b. the signal-to-noise ratio

c. the signal-plus-noise to noise ratio

d. the baseband frequency range

Solution:

7. When two or more signals share a common channel, it is called:

a. sub-channeling

b. signal switching

d. multiplexing

Solution:

8. TDM stands for:

a. Time-Division Multiplexing

b. Two-level Digital Modulation

c. Time Domain Measurement

d. none of the above

Solution:

9. FDM stands for:

a. Fast Digital Modulation

b. Frequency Domain Measurement

c. Frequency-Division Multiplexing

d. none of the above

Solution:

10. The wavelength of a radio signal is:

a. equal to f ÷ c

b. equal to c ÷ λ

c. the distance a wave travels in one period

d. how far the signal can travel without distortion

Solution:

11. Distortion is caused by:

a. creation of harmonics of baseband frequencies

b. baseband frequencies “mixing” with each other

c. shift in phase relationships between baseband frequencies

d. all of the above

Solution:

12. The collection of sinusoidal frequencies present in a modulated carrier is called its:

a. frequency-domain representation

b. Fourier series

c. spectrum

d. all of the above

Solution:

13. The baseband bandwidth for a voice-grade (telephone) signal is:

a. approximately 3 kHz

b. 20 Hz to 15,000 Hz

c. at least 5 kHz

d. none of the above

Solution:

14. Noise in a communication system originates in:

a. the sender

c. the channel

d. all of the above

Solution:

15. “Man-made” noise can come from:

a. equipment that sparks

b. temperature

c. static

d. all of the above

Solution:

16. Thermal noise is generated in:

a. transistors and diodes

b. resistors

c. copper wire

d. all of the above

Solution:

17. Shot noise is generated in:

a. transistors and diodes

b. resistors

c. copper wire

d. none of the above

Solution:

18. The power density of “flicker” noise is:

a. the same at all frequencies

b. greater at high frequencies

c. greater at low frequencies

d. the same as “white” noise

Solution:

19. So called “1/f” noise is also called:

a. random noise

b. pink noise

c. white noise

d. partition noise

Solution:

20. “Pink” noise has:

a. equal power per Hertz

b. equal power per octave

c. constant power

d. none of the above

Solution:

21. When two noise voltages, V1 and V2, are combined, the total voltage VT is:

a. VT = sqrt(V1 x V1 + V2 x V2)

b. VT = (V1 + V2)/2

c. VT = sqrt(V1 x V2)

d. VT = V1 + V2

Solution:

22. Signal-to-Noise ratio is calculated as:

a. signal voltage divided by noise voltage

b. signal power divided by noise power

c. first add the signal power to the noise power, then divide by noise power

d. none of the above

Solution:

a. signal voltage divided by noise voltage

b. signal power divided by noise power

c. first add the signal power to the noise power, then divide by noise power

d. none of the above

Solution:

24. Noise Figure is a measure of:

a. how much noise is in a communications system

b. how much noise is in the channel

c. how much noise an amplifier adds to a signal

d. signal-to-noise ratio in dB

Solution:

25. The part, or parts, of a sinusoidal carrier that can be modulated are:

a. its amplitude

b. its amplitude and frequency

c. its amplitude, frequency, and direction

d. its amplitude, frequency, and phase angle

Solution:

COMPLETION

1. The telephone was invented in the year ____________________.

Solution:

2. Radio signals first were sent across the Atlantic in the year ____________________.

Solution:

3. The frequency band used to modulate the carrier is called the ____________________ band.

Solution:

4. The job of the carrier is to get the information through the ____________________.

Solution:

5. The bandwidth of an unmodulated carrier is ____________________.

Solution:

6. The ‘B’ in Hartley’s Law stands for ____________________.

Solution:

7. The more information per second you send, the ____________________ the bandwidth required.

Answer: greater / larger / wider

Solution:

8. In ____________________, you split the bandwidth of a channel into sub-channels to carry multiple signals.

Solution:

9. In ____________________, multiple signal streams take turns using the channel.

Solution:

10. VHF stands for the ____________________ frequency band.

Solution:

11. The VHF band starts at ____________________ MHz.

Solution:

12. The UHF band starts at ____________________ MHz.

Solution:

13. A radio signal’s ____________________ is the distance it travels in one cycle of the carrier.

Solution:

14. In free space, radio signals travel at approximately ____________________ meters per second.

Solution:

15. The equipment used to show signals in the frequency domain is the _________________________.

Solution:

16. Mathematically, a spectrum is represented by a ____________________ series.

Solution:

17. Disabling a receiver during a burst of atmospheric noise is called ____________________.

Solution:

18. For satellite communications, ____________________ noise can be a serious problem.

Solution:

19. Thermal noise is caused by the random motions of ____________________ in a conductor.

Solution:

1. Name the five elements in a block diagram of a communications system.

Solution:

2. Name five types of internal noise.

Answer: Thermal, Shot, Partition, 1/f, transit-time

Solution:

3. Why is thermal noise called “white noise”?

Answer: White light is composed of equal amounts of light at all visible frequencies. Likewise, thermal noise has equal power density over a wide range of frequencies.

Solution:

4. What is “pink noise”?

Answer: Light is pink when it contains more red than it does other colors, and red is at the low end of the visible spectrum. Likewise, pink noise has higher power density at lower frequencies.

Solution:

5. Suppose there is 30 µV from one noise source that is combined with 40 µV from another noise source. Calculate the total noise voltage.

Solution:

6. If you have 100 mV of signal and 10 mV of noise, both across the same 100-ohm load, what is the signal-to-noise ratio in dB?

Solution:

7. The input to an amplifier has a signal-to-noise ratio of 100 dB and an output signal-to-noise ratio of 80 dB. Find NF, both in dB and as a ratio.

Answer: 20 dB, NF = 100

Solution:

8. A microwave receiver has a noise temperature of 145 K. Find its noise figure.

Solution:

9. Two cascaded amplifiers each have a noise figure of 5 and a gain of 10. Find the total NF for the pair.

Solution:

10. Explain why you could use a diode as a noise source with a spectrum close to that of pure thermal noise. How would you control the amount of noise generated?

Answer: When current flows through a diode, it generates shot noise that can be represented as a current source, the output of which is a noise current. The equation for the noise current is very similar to the equation for thermal noise voltage. Since the power in the shot noise is proportional to the diode current, controlling the diode current controls the noise power.

Solution:

### Complete List of MCQ in Electronic Communication Systems by Blake

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