# MCQ in Surveying Part 8 | Civil Board Exam

(Last Updated On: June 29, 2022) This is the Multiple Choice Questions Part 8 of the Series in Surveying Engineering as one of the Construction Surveying and Layout topic as well as Quantity Surveying topic. In Preparation for the Civil Board Exam make sure to expose yourself and familiarize in each and every questions compiled here taken from various sources including but not limited to past Board Examination Questions in Surveying, Civil Engineering Books, Journals and other Civil Engineering References.

### PRC Board of Civil Engineering Examination Syllabi

The applicant shall acquire a general average of 70% with no grades lower than 50% in any given subject of the examination as follows:

Applied Mathematics, Surveying, Principles of Transportation and Highway Engineering, Construction Management and Methods – 35%

1. Calculus

• Differential Equations
• Integral Calculus

2. Differential Equations

• First Order Differential Equation
• Higher Order Differential Equations

3. Engineering Data Analysis

4. Numerical Methods

5. Physics for Engineers

6. Engineering Economy

• Present Economy Study
• Time-Value Relations
• Selection Among Alternatives: Present, Annual, and Future Worth; Internal and External Rate of Return Method

7. Construction Surveying and Layout

8. Materials for Construction

9. Quantity Surveying

10. Construction Occupational Safety and Health

11. Transportation Engineering

• Highway Engineering
• Highway and Urban Transportation Planning and Economics
• Driver, Vehicle, Traffic and Road Characteristics
• Highway Design
• Traffic Engineering and Highway Operations
• Airport Engineering
• Ports and Harbors
• Bridges

12. Construction Management Principles and Methods

• Engineering Relations and Ethics
• Contracts & Specifications
• Construction Project Organization
• Planning and Scheduling (PERT/CPM)
• Construction Estimates
• Construction Methods & Operations
• Construction Equipment Operations and Maintenance

Hydraulics and Principles of Geotechnical Engineering – 30%

1. Fluid Mechanics

• Properties of Fluids
• Hydrostatics
• Fluid Flow Concepts and Basic Equations
• Viscous Flow and Fluid Resistance
• Ideal Fluid Flow
• Steady Flow in Closed Conduits
• Steady Flow in Open Channels

2. Buoyancy and Flotation

3. Relative Equilibrium of Liquids

4. Hydrodynamics

5. Soil Mechanics and Foundation

• Soil Properties and Classification
• Fluid Flow through Soil Mass
• Soil Strength and Tests
• Stresses in Soil Mass
• Bearing Capacity
• Compaction
• Consolidation and Settlement
• Soil Improvement
• Lateral Earth Pressures
• Slope Stability

6. Water Supply Soil Properties

Principles of Structural Analysis and Design- 35%

1. Engineering Mechanics

• Statics of Rigid Bodies
• Dynamics of Rigid Bodies
• Kinematics of Rigid Bodies
• Strength of Materials

2. Reinforced Concrete Beams and Columns

• Steal Beams, Columns, Footings and Connections
• Prestressed Concrete Beams

3. Construction Materials Testing

4. Application of the Governing Codes of Practice

#### Continue Practice Exam Test Questions Part 8 of the Series

Choose the letter of the best answer in each questions.

351. The diurnal variation of the magnetic needle is more in

A.         summer than winter

B.         winter than summer

Solution:

352. When the magnetic bearing of the sun at noon is 185° 20′, the magnetic declination will be

A.         5° 20′ east

B.         5° 20′ west

C.         5° 20′ north

D.         5° 20′ south

Solution:

353. When the magnetic declination is 5° 20′ east, the magnetic bearing of the sun at noon will be

A.         95° 20′

B.         174° 40′

C.         185° 20′

D.         354° 40′

Solution:

354. The magnetic bearing of a line is 55° 30v and the magnetic declination is 4° 30′ west. The true bearing of a line will be

A.         30°

B.         34° 30

C.         49°

D.         51°

Solution:

355. The magnetic bearing of a line is S 35° 30′ E and the magnetic declination is 4° 10′ east. The true bearing of a line will be

A.         S 31° 30′ E

B.         S 31° 30′ W

C.         S 39° 50′ E

D.         S 38° 50′ W

Solution:

356. When the magnetic declination is negative, the magnetic meridian is towards the west of true meridian.

A.         Correct

B.         Incorrect

Solution:

357. The theodolite is an instrument used for measuring very accurately

A.         horizontal angles only

B.         vertical angles only

C.         horizontal and vertical angles

D.         linear measurements

Solution:

358. The process of turning the telescope of a theodolite over its supporting axis through 180° in a vertical plane, is called

A.         transiting

B.         reversing

C.         plunging

D.         any one of these

Solution:

359. An imaginary line joining the point of intersection of the crosshairs of the diaphragm and the optical center of the object glass, is known as

A.         fundamental line

B.         axis of telescope

C.         axis of level tube

D.         line of collimation

Solution:

360. A line joining the optical center of the object glass and the center of the eye piece, is known as

A.         fundamental line

B.         axis of telescope

C.         axis of level tube

D.         line of collimation

Solution:

361. The deflection angle for any chord is equal to the deflection angle for the proceeding chord minus the tangential angle for that chord.

A.         Yes

B.         No

Solution:

362. When the curve is to be set out over a rough ground, the method used is

A.         Rankine’s method

B.         two theodolite method

C.         tacheometric method

D.         either (b) or (c)

Solution:

363. Two theodolite method of setting out a curve involves

A.         linear measurements only

B.         angular measurements only

C.         both linear and angular measurements

D.         none of these

Solution:

364. In tacheometric method of setting out a curve, no chain or tape is used.

A.         True

B.         False

Solution:

365. The curve of varying radius is known as

A.         simple curve

B.         compound curve

C.         reverse curve

D.         transition curve

Solution:

366. The object of introducing a transition curve at each end of the circular curve is

A.         to obtain a gradual increase of curvature from zero at the tangent point to the specified quantity at the junction of the transition curve with the circular curve

B.         to provide a satisfactory means of obtaining a gradual increase of super-elevation from zero on the tangent point to the specified amount on the main circular curve

C.         to accomplish gradually the transition from the tangent to the circular curve and from the circular curve to the tangent

D.         all of the above

Solution:

367. A transition curve when inserted between the tangent and the circular curve

A.         should meet the original straight tangentially

B.         should meet the circular curve tangentially

C.         the rate of increase of curvature along the transition curve should be same as that of increase of super-elevation

D.         all of the above

Solution:

368. The magnitude of super-elevation depends upon the speed of the vehicle and the radius of the curve

A.         Correct

B.         Incorrect

Solution:

369. The fundamental requirement of the spiral curve is that its radius of curvature at any point shall vary inversely as the distance from the beginning of the curve.

A.         Agree

B.         Disagree

Solution:

370. The curve used for ideal transition curve is a

A.         cubic parabola

B.         clothoid spiral

C.         cubic spiral

D.         lemniscate

Solution:

371. The latitude of a traverse line is obtained by multiplying its length with the cosine of its reduced bearing.

A.         Correct

B.         Incorrect

Solution:

372. The departure of a traverse line is obtained by multiplying its length with the tangent of its reduced bearing.

A.         Agree

B.         Disagree

Solution:

373. When the whole circle bearing of a traverse line is between 90° and 180°, then

A.         the latitude is positive, and departure is negative

B.         the departure is positive, and latitude is negative

C.         both the latitude and departure are positive

D.         both the latitude and departure are negative

Solution:

374. The latitude and departure of a traverse line are both positive when the whole circle bearing of the line lies in the

Solution:

375. When the latitudes and departures are so adjusted that the algebraic sum of the latitudes and departures are equal to zero, the operation is called

A.         balancing the latitude

B.         balancing the departure

C.         balancing the traverse

D.         none of these

Solution:

376. When the angular and linear measurements are equally precise in traversing, the balancing of a traverse is done by

A.         transit rule

B.         empirical rule

C.         Bowditch’s rule

D.         any one of these

Solution:

377. When the angular measurements of a traverse are more precise than the linear measurements, the balancing of a traverse is done by

A.         transit rule

B.         empirical rule

C.         Bowditch’s rule

D.         any one of these

Solution:

378. The distance by which the last point of the traverse falls short to coincide with the starting point is called the closing error.

A.         Right

B.         Wrong

Solution:

379. The method of surveying used for determining the relative height of points on the surface of the earth is called

A.         levelling

B.         simple levelling

C.         longitudinal levelling

D.         differential levelling

Solution:

380. A surface which is normal to the direction of gravity at all points, as indicated by a plumb line, is known as

A.         datum surface

B.         level surface

C.         horizontal surface

D.         vertical surface

Solution:

381. The shift of a curve is

A.         equal to

B.         one-half

C.         one-third

D.         one-fourth

Solution:

382. The autogenous curve of an automobile corresponds to a

A.         cubic parabola

B.         clothoid spiral

C.         true spiral

D.         lemniscate

Solution:

383. In a lemniscate curve, the angle between the tangent at the end of the polar ray and the tangent at the commencement of the curve (i.e. straight) is

A.         equal to

B.         double

C.         three times

D.         four times

Solution:

384. A branch of surveying in which the horizontal and vertical distances of points are obtained by instrumental observations, is known as

A.         chain surveying

B.         plane table surveying

C.         tacheometric surveying

D.         hydrographic surveying

Solution:

385. A stadia telescope, in a tacheometer, is fitted with

C.         all of these

Solution:

386. The principle of tacheometry is used

A.         for locating contours

B.         on hydrographic surveys

C.         for filling in detail in topographic surveys

D.         all of these

Solution:

387. When a staff is sighted through the telescope, a certain length of staff is intercepted by the stadia lines. The staff intercept varies with the distance at which the staff is held.

A.         Yes

B.         No

Solution:

388. The additive constant for the tacheometer is

A.         f / i

B.         I / f

C.         f / d

D.         f + d

Solution:

389. The multiplying constant for the tacheometer is, generally, kept as

A.         20

B.         40

C.         60

D.         100

Solution:

390. The value of additive constant for the tacheometer varies from

A.         0 to 15 cm

B.         15 to 30 cm

C.         30 to 45 cm

D.         45 to 60 cm

Solution:

391. In railway and highway works, the method of measuring the

A.         direct angles

B.         deflection angles

Solution:

392. An angle between the inclined line of sight and the horizontal is called

A.         direct angle

B.         vertical angle

C.         horizontal angle

D.         deflection angle

Solution:

393. Generally, the deflection angle is measured twice, once with the telescope normal and once with the telescope reversed.

A.         True

B.         False

Solution:

394. In locating the details of an object whose direct measurement is not possible due to some obstruction, the method used is

A.         by angles and distances from the same station

B.         by angle from one station and distance from the other station

C.         by distance from two different stations

D.         by angles from two different stations

Solution:

395. In locating the details of inaccessible objects visible at least from transit stations, the method used is

A.         by angles and distances from the same station

B.         by angle from one station and distance from the other station

C.         by distances from two different stations

D.         none of the above

Solution:

396. The traversing by the method of deflection angles is chiefly used in

A.         canals

B.         highways

C.         railways

D.         all of these

Solution:

397. The projection of a traverse line on a line perpendicular to the meridian is known as

A.         latitude of the line

B.         departure of the line

C.         bearing of the line

D.         co-ordinate of the line

Solution:

398. Which of the following statement is wrong?

A.         The distance measured parallel to the north-south line is called latitude of the line.

B.         The distance measured parallel to the east-west line is called departure of the line.

C.         The latitude is positive when measured downward or southward.

D.         The departure is negative when measured to the left or westward.

Solution:

399. The projection of a traverse line on a line parallel to the meridian is known as

A.         latitude

B.         departure

C.         bearing

Solution:

400. If any closed traverse, if the survey work is correct, then

A.         the algebraic sum of latitudes should be equal to zero

B.         the algebraic sum of departures should be equal to zero

C.         the sum of northings should be equal to the sum of southings

D.         all of the above

Solution:

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