# MCQ in Surveying Part 7 | Civil Board Exam

(Last Updated On: June 29, 2022) This is the Multiple Choice Questions Part 7 of the Series in Surveying Engineering as one of the Construction Surveying and Layout topic as well as Quantity Surveying topic. In Preparation for the Civil Board Exam make sure to expose yourself and familiarize in each and every questions compiled here taken from various sources including but not limited to past Board Examination Questions in Surveying, Civil Engineering Books, Journals and other Civil Engineering References.

### PRC Board of Civil Engineering Examination Syllabi

The applicant shall acquire a general average of 70% with no grades lower than 50% in any given subject of the examination as follows:

Applied Mathematics, Surveying, Principles of Transportation and Highway Engineering, Construction Management and Methods – 35%

1. Calculus

• Differential Equations
• Integral Calculus

2. Differential Equations

• First Order Differential Equation
• Higher Order Differential Equations

3. Engineering Data Analysis

4. Numerical Methods

5. Physics for Engineers

6. Engineering Economy

• Present Economy Study
• Time-Value Relations
• Selection Among Alternatives: Present, Annual, and Future Worth; Internal and External Rate of Return Method

7. Construction Surveying and Layout

8. Materials for Construction

9. Quantity Surveying

10. Construction Occupational Safety and Health

11. Transportation Engineering

• Highway Engineering
• Highway and Urban Transportation Planning and Economics
• Driver, Vehicle, Traffic and Road Characteristics
• Highway Design
• Traffic Engineering and Highway Operations
• Airport Engineering
• Ports and Harbors
• Bridges

12. Construction Management Principles and Methods

• Engineering Relations and Ethics
• Contracts & Specifications
• Construction Project Organization
• Planning and Scheduling (PERT/CPM)
• Construction Estimates
• Construction Methods & Operations
• Construction Equipment Operations and Maintenance

Hydraulics and Principles of Geotechnical Engineering – 30%

1. Fluid Mechanics

• Properties of Fluids
• Hydrostatics
• Fluid Flow Concepts and Basic Equations
• Viscous Flow and Fluid Resistance
• Ideal Fluid Flow
• Steady Flow in Closed Conduits
• Steady Flow in Open Channels

2. Buoyancy and Flotation

3. Relative Equilibrium of Liquids

4. Hydrodynamics

5. Soil Mechanics and Foundation

• Soil Properties and Classification
• Fluid Flow through Soil Mass
• Soil Strength and Tests
• Stresses in Soil Mass
• Bearing Capacity
• Compaction
• Consolidation and Settlement
• Soil Improvement
• Lateral Earth Pressures
• Slope Stability

6. Water Supply Soil Properties

Principles of Structural Analysis and Design- 35%

1. Engineering Mechanics

• Statics of Rigid Bodies
• Dynamics of Rigid Bodies
• Kinematics of Rigid Bodies
• Strength of Materials

2. Reinforced Concrete Beams and Columns

• Steal Beams, Columns, Footings and Connections
• Prestressed Concrete Beams

3. Construction Materials Testing

4. Application of the Governing Codes of Practice

#### Continue Practice Exam Test Questions Part 7 of the Series

Choose the letter of the best answer in each questions.

301. A staff reading taken on a point whose elevation is to be determined as on a change point is called.

C.         intermediate sight

D.         none of these

Solution:

302. The line of collimation should be

A.         vertical

B.         horizontal

Solution:

303. To find the true difference of level between two points, the level should be kept

A.         at either of the two points

B.         exactly midway between the two points

C.         at any point on the line joining the two points

D.         none of the above

Solution:

304. For accurate work, the lengths of back sight and fore sight are kept unequal.

A.         Agree

B.         Disagree

Solution:

305. The reduced level of the plane of collimation is

A.         equal to

B.         less than

C.         greater than

D.         none of these

Solution:

306. The height of instrument is equal to

A.         reduced level of bench mark + back sight

B.         reduced level of bench mark + fore sight

C.         reduced level of bench mark + intermediate sight

D.         back sight + fore sight

Solution:

307. The levelling should always commence from a temporary bench mark and end on a permanent bench mark.

A.         Correct

B.         Incorrect

Solution:

308. A method of differential levelling is used in order to find the difference in elevation between two points when

A.         they are too far apart

B.         there are obstacles between them

C.         the difference in elevation between them is too great

D.         all of the above

Solution:

309. The collimation method for obtaining the reduced levels of points does not provide a check on

A.         fore sights

B.         back sights

C.         change points

D.         intermediate sights

Solution:

310 The rise and fall method for obtaining the reduced levels of points provides a check on

A.         fore sights only

B.         back sights only

C.         intermediate sights only

D.         all of these

Solution:

311. When the cross-hairs are not clearly visible,

A.         the cross-hairs should be adjusted

B.         the eye-piece should be focused

C.         the objective should be focused

D.         the parallex should be removed

Solution:

312.    For removing the parallex,

A.         the eye-piece should be focused for distinct vision of cross-hairs

B.         the image of the object should be brought in the plane of cross-hairs

C.         either (a) or (b)

D.         both (a) and (b)

Solution:

313. The capacity of telescope of producing a sharp image is called its

A.         definition

B.         brightness

C.         sensitivity

D.         magnification

Solution:

314. The brightness of the image

A.         is directly proportional to

B.         is inversely proportional to

C.         varies directly as the square of

D.         varies inversely as the square of

Solution:

315.    The image produced by the telescope will be dull if it has

A.         dull

B.         bright

Solution:

316. If the definition of a telescope is poor, it will produce a clear and district image.

A.         True

B.         False

Solution:

317. The ratio of the focal length of the objective to that of an eye-piece of a telescope is called its

A.         definition

B.         brightness

C.         sensitivity

D.         magnification

Solution:

318. The power of a telescope to form distinguishable images of objects separated by small angular distance is called its

A.         definition

B.         brightness

C.         sensitivity

D.         resolving power

Solution:

319. The magnification of a telescope is the ratio of the angle subtended at the eye by the virtual image of the object to that subtended by the object.

A.         Correct

B.         Incorrect

Solution:

320. The angle of field of the telescope

A.         is independent of the size of the object glass

B.         increases as the size of the eye piece increases

C.         decreases as the distance between eye piece and object increases

D.         all of the above

Solution:

321. The plane table surveying is

A.         most suitable for preparing small-scale maps

B.         particularly advantageous in magnetic areas

C.         less costly than a theodolite survey

D.         all of the above

Solution:

322. In plane table surveying, field work is recorded in a field book to be plotted afterwards.

A.         Agree

B.         Disagree

Solution:

323. The operation of turning the table so that all the lines on the paper are parallel to the corresponding lines on the ground, is called

A.         levelling

B.         centering

C.         setting

D.         orientation

Solution:

324. The plotting of small areas which can be commanded from a single station, is usually done on the plane table by the method of

B.         intersection

C.         traversing

D.         resection

Solution:

325. The method of intersection in plane tabling is commonly used for

A.         locating the distant and inaccessible points

B.         locating the broken boundaries

C.         locating the points which may be used subsequently as the instrument stations

D.         all of the above

Solution:

326. The method of plane tabling commonly used for establishing the instrument stations only, is a

B.         method of intersection

C.         method of traversing

D.         method of resection

Solution:

327. According to Lehman’s rule of plane tabling

A.         the distance to the point sought from each of the three rays is proportional to the distance of the three known points from the instrument station

B.         when the instrument station is outside the great circle, the point sought is always on the same side of the ray drawn to the most distant point as the intersection of the other two rays

C.         when looking in the direction of the reference points, the point sought is on the same side of each of the three rays

D.         all of the above

Solution:

328. The strength of ‘fix’ of a plane table from three known points is good if the middle station is

A.         nearer

B.         farther

Solution:

329. The strength of ‘fix’ of a plane table from three known points is poor if the instrument station is near the great circle.

A.         Correct

B.         Incorrect

Solution:

330. A reverse curve consists of

A.         a single curve of a circle connecting two straights

B.         two arcs of different radii bending in the same direction

C.         two arcs of equal radii bending in the same direction

D.         two arcs of equal or different radii bending in the opposite directions

Solution:

331. The capability of showing small angular movements of the level rube vertically, is called its sensitivity.

A.         Right

B.         Wrong

Solution:

332.    In order to measure a horizontal angle more accurately than a vernier, a

A.         method of repetition is used

B.         method of reiteration is used

C.         method of deflection angles is used

D.         method of double observations is used

Solution:

333. In measuring horizontal angles, the theodolite should be turned

A.         clockwise from the forward station to the back station

B.         clockwise from the back station to the forward station

C.         anticlockwise from the forward station to the back station

D.         anticlockwise from the back station to the forward station

Solution:

334. The method of reiteration of measuring horizontal angles is generally preferred when several angles are to be measured at a particular station.

A.         Yes

B.         No

Solution:

335. An angle made by a survey line with the prolongation of the proceeding line, is known as

A.         direct angle

B.         vertical angle

C.         horizontal angle

D.         deflection angle

Solution:

336. A deflection angle in a traverse is equal to the

A.         difference between the included angle and 180°

B.         difference between 360° and the included angle

C.         sum of the included angle and 180°

D.         none of the above

Solution:

337. The deflection angle may have any value between

A.         0° and 45°

B.         0° and 90°

C.         0° and 120°

D.         0° and 180°

Solution:

338. An angle measured clockwise from the proceeding survey line to the following survey line is called

A.         direct angle

B.         vertical angle

C.         horizontal angle

D.         deflection angle

Solution:

339. The deflection angle may be directly obtained by setting the instrument to read

A.         0°

B.         90°

C.         180°

D.         270°

Solution:

340.    The direct angles may have any value between

A.         0° and 90°

B.         0° and 120°

C.         0° and 180°

D.         0° and 360°

Solution:

341.    In levelling, the correction for combined curvature and refraction (in meters) is equal to

A.         0.00785 D2

B.         0.0785 D2

C.         0.0112 D2

D.         0.0673 D2

Solution:

342.    The error, which is not completely eliminated in reciprocal levelling, is

A.         error due to curvature

B.         error due to refraction

C.         error due to non-adjustment of the line of collimation

D.         error due to non-adjustment of bubble tube

Solution:

343.    The line joining the points having the same elevation above the datum surface, is called a

A.         contour surface

B.         contour line

C.         contour interval

Solution:

344.    The contour interval depends upon the

A.         nature of the ground

B.         scale of map

C.         purpose and extent of survey

D.         all of these

Solution:

345.    The vertical distance between any two consecutive contours is called

A.         vertical equivalent

B.         horizontal equivalent

C.         contour interval

Solution:

346. The horizontal distance between any two consecutive contours is called

A.         vertical equivalent

B.         horizontal equivalent

C.         contour interval

Solution:

347. The contour interval of any survey is inversely proportional to the scale of the map.

A.         Agree

B.         Disagree

Solution:

348. The contour interval

A.         should be constant

B.         need not be constant

Solution:

349. The contour lines can cross one another on map only in the case of

A.         a vertical cliff

B.         a valley

C.         a ridge

D.         an overhanging cliff

Solution:

350. When several contours coincide, it indicates

A.         a vertical cliff

B.         a valley

C.         a ridge

D.        none of these

Solution:

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