Communications Engineering Coaching Materials: Section 1 Module 5

(Last Updated On: December 8, 2017)

Communications Coaching Materials: Section 1 Module 5

This is the Section 1 Module 5 of the compiled Communications Coaching Materials taken from various sources including but not limited to past Board Examination Questions in Electronic System and Technologies (EST), Communications Books, Journals and other Communications References. This particular Coaching Notes in Communications Engineering has random Questions and Answers in random topics. Make sure to familiarize each questions to increase the chance of passing the ECE Board Exam.

Communications Engineering Coaching: Section 1 Module 5


QUESTIONS

ANSWERS

In TV, the picture information is transmitted on a separate
carrier that is located _____ lower in frequency that the sound carrier

4.5MHz

Which of the standards given below is a terrestrial digital TV
transmission

8-VSB

What is the main accelerating element in the CRT

ultor

What is the combined mixer and LO that uses 1 transistor of
tube or both

Antodyne converter

Lossless compression scheme generally look for redundancies in
the data for instance the string of zeroes can be replaced with a code that
tells the receivers the length of the string. What do you call this
technique?

Run length
encoding

Which ground based navigation system has a center frequency of
108-118MHz

VOR or DME

All colors on the color test signal are modulated at 75%
except what color?

Gray

In analog cellular system, the interfering signal strength
remains approximately less than ____ of desired signal strength to assure
negligible interference

2%

What is the approximate critical frequency of E layer?

4MHz

The 10 base T Ethernet system is restricted only to ______

100m

What code is used in 100 days Tx
Ethernet standard?

3 level
Manchester code

What is the carrier frequency of supergroup
10?

3100kHz

What frequency is used to signal handoffs to another cell and
the termination of the cell in cellular communications

10kHz

Which of the following principle musical intervals is
considered desonant?

7:8

What is essentially a cell site shelter that is mounted on
flat bed tractor trailer used for emergency purposes

COW

In cellular system what defines the geographic distance that
is required between cells used in identical frequencies in order to avoid
interference between the radio transmissions of this cells?

Distance-to-reuse
ratio (D/R)

RA 9292 was approved by Pres. Gloria Macapagal
Arroyo on what date?

April 17,
2004

Which of the following is considered the first instance of
government regulation of radio technology?

Radio act
of 1910

What do you call the random data send continuously by the NIC
that disrupts the whole area network?

Jabber

What law regulates the operation of cable antenna system in
the Phil?

EO 205

Which of the following is the nearest star to the solar
system?

Proxima Centauri

What is the shifting of antenna pattern so that the major lobe
is at an angle below the horizontal?

Down tilt

What allows one antenna to be used for reception and
transmission without mutual interference?

Duplexer

What is the term used to describe an ordinary voice telephony?

POTS

What do you call the call that cannot be completed because of
the central office or PBX switching capacity is full at the time the call
attempted?

Block call

Why does an FM antenna ammeter not change with modulation?

No power
added with modulation

What is meant by peak white?

The video
signal represents max luminance

In color CRT, what refers to adjustment of the three electron
beam so that each lens can phosper dots on the
appropriate color?

Purity

In a satellite system, what do you call the focus beam of
energy that covers a relatively small area on the earth produced by high gain
antenna on the satellite?

Spot beam

What radio system was developed to provide high speed packet
data access for the GSM network?

GPRS

How wide are the GSM channels?

200 kHz

What type of radar is used for speed measurements such as the
one used by the police or the police radar?

CW Doppler
radar

With what type of emission does this tuning by 200Hz
materially degrade the received signal?

J3E

Why does a high Q circuit discriminate against harmonics?

Because of
purer sine wave AC

What will you change in order that gain of transistor
amplifier can vary?

The
collector current

What are 2 function of a buffer amplifier?

Amplify
and isolate

How much of the emission must be within the bandwidth of the
transmitter

99%

What type of 2nd detector is used for SSB and CW

Heterodyne

In FM broadcasting, what is the lowest used modulating
frequency?

26Hz

What is the emission designation for VHF FM?

F3E

Why does a higher impedance line have lower copper loss than a
lower impedance line?

Because
higher impedance line has lower current for a given power level

What is considered as the simplest transmitter keyed on and
off to produce CW Morse code?

The
oscillator

Occasionally rockets will contain more than one satellite,
what do you call the main satellite to be launched?

Initial
payload

What are the 2 basic types of radar?

Pulse and
CW

How many orbital plans which are equally spaced around the
equator in GPS operational constellation?

6

What is the popular fiber optics cable with the glass core and
plastic cladding called?

PCS
(plastic clad silica)

What is a FM receiver that causes a stronger signal to
dominate the weaker signal in the same frequency?

Capture
effect

What is the advantage of using SSB suppressed carrier AM as
the modulation scheme for FDM telephony?

It has the
least bandwidth

What may cause ionic disturbance characterized by rapid
cluttering sound hence voice communication is poor?

Aurora
borealis

What is used to convert the scene or object nearest to view
the electrical signal which can be used to modulate the carrier?

Television
camera

What is the advantage of toroid inductors over air core
inductors?

High
permeability of the core

The mandatory 24 ship-to-shore communications from 1910-1912
was established by the US, Great Britain and other maritime nation as the
direct result of the sinking of the 2 famous ships, which are?

The
Republic and The Titanic

How much is the filling fee for application of MDSCP or MPDP

Php180

The frequency tolerance of FM broadcast stations is _____
above or below the assigned frequency?

2000Hz

What layer of the OSI model handles the transmission of bites
over a communications channel?

Physical
layer

What is the next to higher level of the multi-level activities
of communications which defines how the initial data is sent and transformed
into the symbols that represent it before being actually transmitted with
this specific signal value?

Coding

Which of the ff. coaxial cable connectors is called the UHF
connector?

PL 259

What satellite subsystem monitors on board conditions such as
temperature and battery voltage and transmits this data back to a ground
station for analysis?

TTC

What expresses the steepness of the skirts of the skirts
selectivity of a radio receiver?

Shape
factor

In SSB, the transmitter output is expressed in terms of
_________?

Peak
envelop power

Which of the ff. is the policy guidelines to govern the
operation of cable TV in the Philippines?

PO 436

What is the standard signal format of a numeric paging
receiver?

NEC B3
standard

What is the critical capacitance variation of most varactors used in frequency modulators?

12 to 1

Helical antennas are often used for satellite tracking VHF
because of?

Faraday’s
effect

What traffic model is based on the assumption that calls not
immediately satisfied at the first attempt are held in the system until
satisfied?

Erlang C

What does ICT mean?

Information
and Communication Technology

What is the typical noise figure of metals, semiconductors,
FET or MOSFET used at microwave frequency?

2 dB or
less

What is the 3rd layer of the OSI protocol model
which sets up the path to transmit data between terminals and modulation is
used?

Baseband

What system specification for 3G wireless system uses as a
wide rf channel efficient coding and multiple
channels to provide for both low speed circuit and high speed packet
services?

WCDMA

If the antenna current increases 3.3 times how much is the
field strength increase?

3.3 times

What is the term used to describe a computer operating system
allows multiple program to run simultaneously without interfering with each
other

Multi-tasking

What is the 1st type of modulation using an SB
microphone called?

Absorption
or loop

What are used to allow fiber optics to operate at much higher
data rates and over longer distances with the use of range and resist
abrasion?

Polyethylene

If the satellite is lunched at the speed exceeding 25000mph,
the satellite will not go in orbit and will break away from the gravitational
pull of the earth and go out in deep space what do you call this satellite?

Space
probe

What is used to improve the signal to noise ratio for either
PCM or delta modulation signals?

Companding

In a system, if the system to have a net gain there would be a
possibility of oscillation due to feedback from this reflection, what is this
called?

Singing

What is the voltage of the local loop on hook?

48 Vdc

In a propagation medium such in the glass of an optical fiber
____ is the scattering of an electromagnetic wave by particles with the size
about equal or greater than the wavelength?

MIE
scattering

What is the ratio of speed of light in air to the speed of
light in another medium?

Index of
refraction

What LED is usual signal source for plastic fiber?

Red LED

Why is pulse code modulation preferred over PAM?

Because of
its superior noise immunity

What carrier shift results with insufficient grid excitation
to a grid modulated stage?

Positive

Why are printed circuit board such as stripline
and microstrip implemented on transmission lines?

To create
resonance circuits and filters

In satellite communication system, _______ is the satellite
component that senses the time or the incidence angle of solar radiation and
provides electrical signal that may be used to compute the satellite
orientation?

Sun sensor

A few centimeters long solid insulated hook-up wire that
provides small capacitance to the ground that is adjusted during circuit
alignment by bending slightly in one direction or another, what do you call
this wire?

Gimmick

What is the acronym GMDSS stand for?

Global
maritime distress and safety system

What is the main disadvantage of fiber optic cable made of
glass?

Brittleness

In TV system, the color level control is in the ______?

BPA

The max. radiation for electronic equipment must not exceed
___ mr/week

100

What refers to any sonic, infrasonic, or ultrasonic wave which
is emitted from electronic product as a result of the operation of its
electronic circuit

Radiation

What is the formula for REM?

Rbe x rad

Radiation exposure rates produced by a TV receiver shall not
exceed ____ milli roentgens per hour at the
distance of 5cm from any point on external surface of the receiver?

0.5

Why larger antennas are receive stronger signals than smaller
antenna?

Because
they have greater effective area or greater proportion of radiated energy
intercepted

What is the advantage of Dougherty linear?

High
efficiency

What vacuum tube is used for microwave amplification and oscillation?

Klystron

What is the advantage of using variable and balance T-type
attenuator pass as gain control?

Maintain
small constant z

What refers to the sampling of analog signal used in a sample
and hold circuit such that the sample will have the same amplitude for its
whole duration

Flat top
sampling

Which of the ff. identifies the maximum transmitted power
level of a mobile phone?

Station
class mark

Which of the ff. is not a supervisory tone?

4000 Hz

If the distance between the sound source and the listener is
changing, the freq. heard will defer from the freq. emitted, this phenomenon
is called?

Doppler
effect

One document required for application of MPDP is a list of
stock of spare parts and accessories sufficient enough to cover the warranty
of mobile phone units for at least how many months?

6 months

How much is the inspection fee for application of MPDP or
MPCP?

Php720/year

Which NTC memorandum circular provides for the additional
rules and regulations on the purchase, sale, lease and retail of mobile
phones?

MC
08-08-2004

What protocol is used in the check sum method of error
detection?

X modem

In cellular system, typically how many cells in the freq.
reuse plan format?

7

Complete List of Communications Engineering Coaching Materials

Communications Engineering Coaching Materials: Section 1 Module 5
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