MCQs in Engineering Management Part II

(Last Updated On: December 8, 2017)

MCQs in Engineering Management Part 2

This is the Multiples Choice Questions Part 2 of the Series in Engineering Management as one of the General Engineering and Applied Sciences (GEAS) topic. In Preparation for the ECE Board Exam make sure to expose yourself and familiarize in each and every questions compiled here taken from various sources including past Board Questions in General Engineering and Applied Sciences (GEAS) field.

Online Questions and Answers in Engineering Management Series

Following is the list of multiple choice questions in this brand new series:

Engineering Management MCQs
PART 1: MCQs from Number 1 – 50                        Answer key: PART I
PART 2: MCQs from Number 51 – 100                   Answer key: PART II
PART 3: MCQs from Number 101 – 150                 Answer key: PART III
PART 4: MCQs from Number 151 – 200                 Answer key: PART IV

Continue Practice Exam Test Questions Part II of the Series

Choose the letter of the best answer in each questions.

51. What refers to the learning that is provided in order to improve performance on the present job?

  • A. Training
  • B. Development
  • C. Vestibule
  • D. Specialized courses

52. What technique is best suited for projects that contain many repetitions of some standard activities?

  • A. Benchmark job technique
  • B. Parametric technique
  • C. Modular technique
  • D. Non- modular technique

53. What organizational structure is based on the assumption that each unit should specialize in a specific functional area and perform all of the tasks that require its expertise?

  • A. Functional organization
  • B. Territorial organization
  • C. Process organization
  • D. Product organization

54. What type of organization structure in which each project is assigned to a single organizational unit and the various functions are performed by personnel within the unit?

  • A. Functional organization
  • B. Territorial organization
  • C. Process organization
  • D. Product organization

55. What organizational structure provides a sound basis for balancing the use of human resources and skills?

  • A. Functional organization
  • B. Matrix organization
  • C. Process organization
  • D. Product organization

56. In which type of organization where the structure can lead to a “dual boss” phenomenon?

  • A. Functional organization
  • B. Matrix organization
  • C. Process organization
  • D. Product organization

57. Which one is an advantage of a matrix organization?

  • A. Rapid reaction organization
  • B. Adaptation to changing environment
  • C. State-of-the-art technology
  • D. Better utilization of resources

58. Which one is a disadvantage of a matrix organization?

  • A. Dual accountability of personnel
  • B. Conflicts between project and functional managers
  • C. Profit-and-loss accountability difficult
  • D. Inefficient use of specialist

59. Which one is an advantage projectized organization?

  • A. Efficient use of technical personnel
  • B. Good project schedule and cost control
  • C. Single point for customer contact
  • D. Rapid reaction time possible

60. Which one is a disadvantage of a projectized organization?

  • A. Uncertain technical direction
  • B. Inefficient use of specialist
  • C. Insecurity regarding future job assignments
  • D. Slower work flow

61. Which one is an advantage of a functional organization?

  • A. Efficient use of technical personnel
  • B. Rapid reaction time possible
  • C. Career continuity and growth of technical personnel
  • D. Good technology transfer between projects

62. Which one is disadvantage of a functional organization?

  • A. Weak customer interface
  • B. Weak project authority
  • C. Inefficient use of specialist
  • D. Slower work flow

63. In what type of organization where a project manager is held responsible for completion of the project and is often assigned a budget?

  • A. Functional organization
  • B. Matrix organization
  • C. Projectized organization
  • D. Project coordinated organization

64. In selecting an organizational structure, which of the following is not a criterion?

  • A. Finance and accounting
  • B. Customer relation
  • C. Location
  • D. Technology

65. What is NOT a factor to be taken into consideration when selecting an organizational structure for managing projects?

  • A. Overhead cost
  • B. Type of technology used
  • C. Location of the project
  • D. Level of uncertainty in projects

66. If a project have multidimensional goals, the project manager often use his __________ to reach a compromise solution.

  • A. Leadership
  • B. Tradeoff analysis skill
  • C. Authority
  • D. Decision-making skill

67. Who is responsible for ensuring that the project is completed successfully as measured by time, cost, performance and stakeholder satisfaction?

  • A. Functional manager
  • B. Project manager
  • C. Chief engineer
  • D. Department supervisor

68. Who is responsible for running a department so that all his customers are served efficiently and effectively?

  • A. Area manager
  • B. Sales manager
  • C. Functional manager
  • D. Project manager

69. What is the major activity of the project support office?

  • A. Administrative support for projects
  • B. Support for tools and techniques
  • C. Overall project management support
  • D. Project management via the internet

70. What is the major activity of the project office?

  • A. Administrative support for projects
  • B. Support for tools and techniques
  • C. Overall project management support
  • D. Project management via internet

71. What is an important tool for the design and implementation of the project’s work content?

  • A. Linear responsibility chart
  • B. Gantt chart
  • C. Life cycle model
  • D. Project design chart

72. What chart summarizes the relationships between project stakeholders and their responsibilities in each project element?

  • A. Linear responsibility chart
  • B. Matrix responsibility chart
  • C. Responsibility interface matrix
  • D. All of the above

73. What network model enables engineer managers to schedule, monitor, and control large and complex projects by using only one time factor per activity?

  • A. Forecasting
  • B. Critical path method
  • C. Program evaluation review technique
  • D. Simulation

74. What network model enables engineer managers to schedule, monitor, and control large and complex projects by employing three time estimate for each activity?

  • A. Forecasting
  • B. Critical path method
  • C. Program evaluation review technique
  • D. Simulation

75. For a project manager to have an effective means of identifying and communicating the planned activities and their interrelationships, he must use a network technique. One of the network techniques is commonly known as CPM. What does CPM stands for?

  • A. Critical plan method
  • B. Critical path method
  • C. Critical project method
  • D. Coordinated plan method

76. For a project manager to have an efficient means of identifying and communicating the planned activities and their interrelationships, he must use a network technique. One of the network techniques is commonly known as PERT. What does Pert stands for?

  • A. Project evaluation review technique
  • B. Program evaluation review technique
  • C. Path evaluation review technique
  • D. Program execution review technique

77. What is the benefit of using PERT/CPM network as integral component of project management?

  • A. They furnish a consistent framework for planning, scheduling, monitoring and controlling project.
  • B. They illustrate the interdependencies of all tasks
  • C. They can be used to estimate the expected project completion dares as well as the probability that the project will be completed by a specific date
  • D. All of the above

78. The CPM was developed by Rand and Walker in what year?

  • A. 1957
  • B. 1958
  • C. 1959
  • D. 1960

79. In what year was PERT developed?

  • A. 1957
  • B. 1958
  • C. 1959
  • D. 1960

80. In Morris life cycle model, a project is divided into how many stages to be performed in sequence?

  • A. 3
  • B. 4
  • C. 5
  • D. 6

81. What is the first stage in the life cycle of a project using Morris model?

  • A. Planning and design
  • B. Feasibility
  • C. Production
  • D. Turnover and startup

82. Risk management is:

  • A. Risk avoidance
  • B. Controlling risk
  • C. To gain opportunities
  • D. All of the above

83. What technique a manager must use if he decides to absorb the risk in the project?

  • A. Create buffer in the form of management reserve or extra time in schedule
  • B. Use a different technology
  • C. Use a different supplier
  • D. Buying insurance

84. Buying insurance is a form of:

  • A. Risk elimination
  • B. Risk reduction
  • C. Risk sharing
  • D. Risk absorption

85. What refers to any technique used either to minimize the probability of an accident or to mitigate its consequences?

  • A. Reliability management
  • B. Risk management
  • C. Quality assurance management
  • D. Project assurance management

86. What refers to the techniques that encompass risk assignment and the inclusive evaluation of risk, costs and benefits of alternative projects or policies?

  • A. Risk management
  • B. Risk-benefit analysis
  • C. Benefit management
  • D. Uncertainty analysis

87. What is measured by the amount of resources that a manager can allocate without the need to get an approval from his or her manager?

  • A. Responsibility
  • B. Leadership
  • C. Authority
  • D. Tradeoff skill

88. What is defined as a course of action aimed at ensuring that the organization will achieve its objectives?

  • A. Goal
  • B. Strategy
  • C. Program
  • D. Plan

89. When there is a degradation of service provided by the company to clients, it is a sign that the engineer manager in-charge:

  • A. Lacks leadership skill
  • B. Has inadequate control
  • C. Has poor organization
  • D. Has no proper planning

90. What principal element of uncertainty refers to a measure of the relevance of available information to the problem at hand?

  • A. Statistical confidence
  • B. Tolerance
  • C. Incompleteness of the data
  • D. Ambiguity in modeling the problem

91. One of the mnemonic management tool used is the SMEAC. What does the acronym SMEAC stands for?

  • A. Situation, Mission, Execution, Administration, Coordination
  • B. Situation, Mission, Execution, Application, Communication
  • C. Situation, Mission, Execution, Administration, Communication
  • D. Strategy, Mission, Execution, Administration, Communication

92. In the management tools, SMEAC, where A stands for administration, which is the appropriate question will the manager ask?

  • A. What do we need to get it done?
  • B. What are we aiming to do?
  • C. How are we going to do it?
  • D. What is the operation environment?

93. In project management, what is usually the first step underlying in the process of performing a project?

  • A. Select appropriate performance measures
  • B. Define the goals of the project and their relative importance
  • C. Identify a need for a product or service
  • D. Develop a technological concept

94. In the process of performing a project, after the need for a product or service is identified, what is usually the next step?

  • A. Define the goals of the project and their relative importance
  • B. Develop a budget
  • C. Develop a schedule
  • D. Develop the technological concept

95. What is usually the last step in the process of performing a project?

  • A. Select appropriate performance measures
  • B. Implement a plan
  • C. Monitor and control the project
  • D. Evaluate project success

96. To consider the consequence of uncertainly on project management, laws on project management are developed. One of which is “A careless planned project will take __________ times longer to complete than expected”.

  • A. Three
  • B. Four
  • C. Two
  • D. Two and a half

97. In the typical functional organization hierarchy, the chief engineer is under the __________.

  • A. Finance manager
  • B. Manufacturing manager
  • C. General manager
  • D. Marketing manager

98. What is a diagram of the organization’s official positions and formal lines of authority called?

  • A. Organization chart
  • B. Authority chart
  • C. Policy chart
  • D. Control chart

99. What is defined as the process of identifying and choosing alternative courses of action in a manner appropriate to the demands of the situations?

  • A. Sampling theory
  • B. Alternative-analysis
  • C. Problem-solving
  • D. Decision-making

100. What refers to the activity of incorporating the technical know how with the ability to organize and coordinate workforce, materials, equipment and all other resources including money?

  • A. Engineering management
  • B. Engineering technology
  • C. Technical manger
  • D. General management

Complete List of MCQs in General Engineering and Applied Science per topic

MCQs in Engineering Management Part II
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