# MCQ in Construction Estimates and Costing Part 1 | Civil Board Exam

(Last Updated On: June 23, 2022)

This is the Multiple Choice Questions Part 1 of the Series in Construction Estimates and Costing as one of the Construction Management Principles and Methods topic. In Preparation for the Civil Board Exam make sure to expose yourself and familiarize in each and every questions compiled here taken from various sources including but not limited to past Board Examination Questions in Surveying, Civil Engineering Books, Journals and other Civil Engineering References.

### PRC Board of Civil Engineering Examination Syllabi

The applicant shall acquire a general average of 70% with no grades lower than 50% in any given subject of the examination as follows:

Applied Mathematics, Surveying, Principles of Transportation and Highway Engineering, Construction Management and Methods – 35%

1. Calculus

• Differential Equations
• Integral Calculus

2. Differential Equations

• First Order Differential Equation
• Higher Order Differential Equations

3. Engineering Data Analysis

4. Numerical Methods

5. Physics for Engineers

6. Engineering Economy

• Present Economy Study
• Time-Value Relations
• Selection Among Alternatives: Present, Annual, and Future Worth; Internal and External Rate of Return Method

7. Construction Surveying and Layout

8. Materials for Construction

9. Quantity Surveying

10. Construction Occupational Safety and Health

11. Transportation Engineering

• Highway Engineering
• Highway and Urban Transportation Planning and Economics
• Driver, Vehicle, Traffic and Road Characteristics
• Highway Design
• Traffic Engineering and Highway Operations
• Airport Engineering
• Ports and Harbors
• Bridges

12. Construction Management Principles and Methods

• Engineering Relations and Ethics
• Contracts & Specifications
• Construction Project Organization
• Planning and Scheduling (PERT/CPM)
• Construction Estimates
• Construction Methods & Operations
• Construction Equipment Operations and Maintenance

Hydraulics and Principles of Geotechnical Engineering – 30%

1. Fluid Mechanics

• Properties of Fluids
• Hydrostatics
• Fluid Flow Concepts and Basic Equations
• Viscous Flow and Fluid Resistance
• Ideal Fluid Flow
• Steady Flow in Closed Conduits
• Steady Flow in Open Channels

2. Buoyancy and Flotation

3. Relative Equilibrium of Liquids

4. Hydrodynamics

5. Soil Mechanics and Foundation

• Soil Properties and Classification
• Fluid Flow through Soil Mass
• Soil Strength and Tests
• Stresses in Soil Mass
• Bearing Capacity
• Compaction
• Consolidation and Settlement
• Soil Improvement
• Lateral Earth Pressures
• Slope Stability

6. Water Supply Soil Properties

Principles of Structural Analysis and Design- 35%

1. Engineering Mechanics

• Statics of Rigid Bodies
• Dynamics of Rigid Bodies
• Kinematics of Rigid Bodies
• Strength of Materials

2. Reinforced Concrete Beams and Columns

• Steal Beams, Columns, Footings and Connections
• Prestressed Concrete Beams

3. Construction Materials Testing

4. Application of the Governing Codes of Practice

#### Start Practice Exam Test Questions Part 1 of the Series

Choose the letter of the best answer in each questions.

1.  Annual repair estimate is usually not allowed to exceed

A. 10% of capital cost

B. 5% of capital cost

C. 2% of capital cost

D. .5% of capital cost

Solution:

2.  Lead and lift is the term used in

A. Earth work

B. Reappropriation of funds

C. Salvage value

Solution:

3.  The life of a structure with brickwork in a lime or cement is taken as

A. 100 years

B. 35 years

C. 50 years

D. 25 years

Solution:

4.  The life of teakwood doors and windows is usually taken as

A. 100 years

B. 80 years

C. 75 years

D. 40 years

Solution:

5.  The duet metal work is measured in

A. Running meters

B. Square meter on the basis of surface area

C. Cubic Meters

D. Kilograms

Solution:

6.  Which one is the waterproof cement point?

A. Snowcem

B. Supercem

C. Aquacem

D. All of the above

Solution:

7.  Detailed drawing is not necessarily required for which of the following estimate?

A. Detailed estimate

B. Revised estimate

C. Supplementary estimate

D. Rough cost estimate

Solution:

8.  A dummy activity

A. Does not require any resource nor any time

B. Requires source as well as time

C. Requires source but not any time

D. Does not require any source but requires time

Solution:

9.  Which soil will have the maximum permissible load per square meter?

A. Black cotton soil

B. Moist clay

C. Loose sand

D. Compact gravel

Solution:

10.  The quantum of work of any item is skilled labor is expected to do in a day, is known as

A. Standard work

B. Work to specification

C. Target work

D. Test work

Solution:

11.  Which of the following is a machined cast iron component?

A. Bracket

B. Manhole cover

C. Fire door

D. Pulley

Solution:

12.  The value of a of the property, without being dismantled at the end of the useful life period as known

A. Salvation value

B. Book value

C. Write of value

D. Junk value

Solution:

13.  A critical activity has

A. Zero float

B. Maximum float

C. Minimum float

D. Average float

Solution:

14.  Original cost of the property minus depreciation is

A. Book value

B. Salvage value

C. Rentable value

D. Obsolescence value

Solution:

15.  The person who enjoys the easement right is called a

A. Lesser

B. Lessee

C. Dominant owner

D. Servient owner

Solution:

16.  Which estimate is expected to be least accurate?

A. Preliminary estimate

B. Plinth area estimate

C. Detailed estimate

D. Revised estimate

Solution:

17.  A revised estimate is usually prepared when the original estimate has exceeded by more than

A. 1%

B. 2%

C. 10%

D. 100%

Solution:

18.  The person who enjoys the estimate right is called a

A. Lesser

B. Lessee

C. Dominant owner

D. Servient owner

Solution:

19.  Annual repair estimate is usually not allowed to exceed

A. 10% of capital cost

B. 5% of capital cost

C. 2% of capital cost

D. 5% of capital cost

Solution:

20.  Which of the following is necessarily an accurate estimate?

A. Plinth area estimate

B. Cubical content estimate

C. Revised estimate

D. None of the above

Solution:

21.  The damp proof course ( D.P.C. ) is measured in

A. m3

B. m2

C. m

D. None of the above

Solution:

22.  The expected life of cement concrete floor is taken as

A. 100 years

B. 75 years

C. 50 years

D. 20 years

Solution:

23.  Berms are provided in canals if these are

A. Fully in excavation

B. Partly in excavation and partly in embankment

C. Fully in embankment

D. All of the above

Solution:

24.  The measurement is made in a square meter in case of

A. Cement concrete in foundation

B. R.C.C. structure

C. Hollow concrete block wall

D. None of the above

Solution:

25.  Brick walls are measured in m2 if the thickness of the wall is

A. 10 cm

B. 15 cm

C. 20 cm

D. 30 cm

Solution:

26.  Of the total estimated cost of a building, electrification usually amounts for

A. 1%

B. 2%

C. 8%

D. 15%

Solution:

27.  Of the total estimated cost of a building sanitation and water supply works usually amount for

A. 1%

B. 2%

C. 8%

D. 15%

Solution:

28.  Due to change in price level, a revised estimate is prepared if the sanctioned estimate exceeds

A. 2%

B. 2.5%

C. 4%

D. 5%

Solution:

29.  The useful liveable area of a building is also known as

A. Carpet area

B. Circulation area

C. Floor area

D. Plinth area

Solution:

30.  Careful taking up or down and carefully removing a structure without damage is termed as

A. Dismantling

B. Breaking

C. Rescheduling

D. Direction

Solution:

31.  The estimated time required to complete an activity is known as

A. Duration

B. Restraint

C. Constraint

D. Float

Solution:

32.  Estimate for electric wiring that is light, fan, plug points etc. is usually made in terms of

A. Total power at mains in KW

B. Amperage of every point

C. Type of points

D. Number of points

Solution:

33.  The most reliable estimate is

A. Detailed estimate

B. Preliminary estimate

C. Plinth area estimate

D. Cube rate estimate

Solution:

34.  Pick up the item of work not included in the plinth area estimate

A. Wall thickness

B. Verandah area

C. W.C. area

D. Courtyard area

Solution:

35.  The main factor to be considered while preparing a detailed estimate is

A. Quantity of the materials

B. Variability of materials

C. Transportation

D. All of the above

Solution:

36.  First class over burnt bricks are usually preferred for

A. Foundation

B. Super structure

C. Roofing

Solution:

37.  Which of the following is overhead expenditure?

A. Woman’s compensation, insurance etc.

B. Establishment

C. Stationery

D. Rent and taxes

Solution:

38.  In a detailed estimate the provision for contingencies is, usually

A. 1%

B. 3% to 5%

C. 10%

D. 12% to 15%

Solution:

39.  Besides standard length and width of a corrugated sheet, one important dimension usually considered is

A. Pitch of corrugation

B. Depth of corrugation

C. Shape of corrugation

D. Gauge of the material

Solution:

40.  If the amount of energy is paid for a definite number of years it is known as

A. Known annuity

B. Annuity certain

C. Annuity plan

D. Gross annuity

Solution:

41.  In case of point wiring when the length of wiring is between 6 m and 10 m, it is termed as

A. Medium point

B. Short medium point

C. Long point

D. Special point

Solution:

42.  Specifications for iron hold fasts are expressed in terms of

A. Weight in kg

B. Number

C. Weight and volume

D. Volume

Solution:

43.  Weight of one cubic meter of each of the following material is recorded. which one will be the heaviest?

A. Earth (ordinary)

B. Cement

C. Steel

D. Stone ballast

Solution:

44.  A person who takes the lease is known as

A. Leaser

B. Lessee

C. Owner

D. Short-term owner

Solution:

45.  Rivets are specified by

A. Type and diameter

B. Type, diameter, and length

C. Type, diameter, length, and size of head

D. Type, diameter, length, and mode of riveting

Solution:

46.  Capacity of flushing cistern is usually

A. 1 Liter

B. 5 Liter

C. 12 to 15 Liter

D. 20 to 25 Liter

Solution:

47.  For one cubic meter of sand, the member of 50 KG bags required would be

A. 15

B. 20

C. 25

D. 35

Solution:

48.  Which roofing material will give the least expected life?

A. R.C.C.

B. Jack arch with L.C. terracing

C. Terraced roofing over stone flags

D. Country wood in work

Solution:

49.  Building wire for steel reinforcement is

A. Measured in running meters

B. Measured in kilograms

C. Not measured but included in description

D. Not measured and also not included in description

Solution:

50.  Which one is not the standard length of galvanized corrugated iron sheet in metric system?

A. 1.8 m

B. 2.0 m

C. 2.9 m

D. 2.8 m

Solution:

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